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Entry, Exit & Residence
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  ZhaoQing Government - Service - Entry, Exit & Residence - Entry
Types of Visas
TIME:2012-02-22
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Chinese visas are classified as: Diplomatic visas, Courtesy visas, Business visas, and general visas. Classified by the purpose of visiting China, general visas issued to foreign nationals are further classified into eight types: Residency visas, Professional visas, Study visas, Visit visas, Tourist visas, Transit visas, Crew-member visas, and Journalist visas. Each type of visa is  designated by the first phonetic letter of its Hanyu Pinyin, plus a combination of letters and numbers for certain types of visas, such as the: D, Z, X, F, L, G, C, J-1 and J-2 classes. General visas are issued to the following foreign nationals:

1. D Visas are issued to foreign nationals granted permanent residency in China.

2. Z Visas are issued to foreign nationals taking up employment in China and are also issued to their accompanying family.

3. X Visas are issued to foreign nationals who will stay in China for education, advanced studies or internship for more than six months.

4. F Visas are issued to foreign nationals who are invited to China for visits, inspection tours, lectures, business, science and technology exchanges, short-term advanced studies or internships for periods of not more than six months.

5. L Visas are issued to foreign nationals who are coming to China for sightseeing, visiting family or for other private business. A tourist group with more than nine members may be granted a group visa.

6. G Visas are issued to foreign nationals who are transiting through China.

7. C Visas are issued to crew members of trains, aircraft and ships on international travels, flights or voyages and may be issued to their accompanying family members.

8. J-1 Visas are issued to foreign journalists to be posted in China, and J-2 Visas are issued to foreign journalists on specific reporting assignments to China.

Foreign nationals in China are only allowed to engage in activities that match the type of visas that they have been granted.