The Official website of Zhaoqing China Simplified Chinese | Traditional Chinese | English
 
Service
Entry, Exit & Residence
Marriage
Education
Adoption
Emergency Assistance
Banking Services
Postal Services
Hospitals
Telecommunications
HSK Test
Schools
Life in Zhaoqing
Employment
  ZhaoQing Government - Service - HSK Test
Introduction of HSK
TIME:2012-06-11
SIZE:BMS
SHARE:
分享到:
COLOR:

The Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi, abbreviated as HSK, is the People's Republic of China's only standardized test of Standard Chinese language proficiency for non-native speakers, namely foreign students, overseas Chinese, and members of ethnic minority groups in China. It translates literally to "Chinese Proficiency Test".

Development began in 1984 at Beijing Language and Culture University and in 1992 the HSK was officially made a national standardized test. By 2005, over 120 countries had participated as regular host sites and the tests had been taken around 100 million times (including by domestic ethnic minority candidates). The general count outside of China is stated as being around 1.9 million. In 2011 Beijing International Chinese College became the first HSK testing center to conduct online HSK test.

The HSK test approximates the English TOEFL, and an HSK certificate is valid without any limitation in The People's Republic of China. The test aims to be a certificate of language proficiency for higher educational and professional purposes.

 

Test Rank

Characters
cumulative (new)

Words
cumulative

Score

Certificate

Advanced

2519 (809)

5000

6

Advanced with Honors
Designed for learners who can easily understand any information communicated in Chinese and are capable of smoothly expressing themselves in written or oral form.

1710 (636)

2500

5

Advanced
Designed for learners who can read Chinese newspapers and magazines, watch Chinese films and are capable of writing and delivering a lengthy speech in Chinese.

HSK

Intermediate

1074 (451)

1200

4

Intermediate with Honors
Designed for learners who can discuss a relatively wide range of topics in Chinese and are capable of communicating with Chinese speakers at a high standard.

623 (274)

600

3

Intermediate
Designed for learners who can use Chinese to serve the demands of their personal lives, studies and work, and are capable of completing most of the communicative tasks they experience during their Chinese tour.

HSK

Elementary

349 (171)

300

2

Elementary with Honors
Designed for learners who can use Chinese in a simple and direct manner, applying it in a basic fashion to their daily lives.

178 (178)

150

1

Elementary
Designed for learners who can understand and use some simple Chinese characters and sentences to communicate, and prepares them for continuing their Chinese studies.

 

China National Office for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language (Hanban) is currently responsible for the HSK exams and introduced a new format in November 2009.

The new format's emphasis is "comprehensive language and communication ability". Most notable is the inclusion of spoken and written segments at all levels (not just Advanced), reformation of the ranking system, and use of new question structures.

The new ranking system reduces the three test formats to Elementary, Intermediate, and Advanced. Each level has two sub-levels: "acceptable" and "with honors."

Hanban also provides examples of the exam for the different levels together with a list of words that need to be known for each level. Currently this page is only available in Chinese. These examples are also available (together with the audio for the Listening Test) on the website of the Confucius Institute at QUT.

The HSK is held at designated test sites in China and abroad. A list of test sites can be found at the HSK website. Test dates are published annually, and while a test date often includes more than one format, all three rarely overlap. The Advanced HSK occurs only twice per year. It is held by the JNFLS.

 

Source: Wikipedia