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  ZhaoQing Government - Government - Administrative Regions
Gaoyao Municipality
TIME:2012-02-08
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Gaoyao was in ancient times considered to belong to the land of the "Baiyue Tribes" (a peripheral region lying outside the central part of China), one of the places in South China where the Qing Emperor first set up an administration for governance. In 111 B.C, it was set up as Gaoyao County. It derived its name from the relief of its Gazelle Gorge, meaning "high and strategic". In May 1988, the County Government moved to the southern coast of Xijiang. In September 1993, the State Council redefined its administrative status as a municipality, under the jurisdiction of Zhaoqing. This ended the history of Gaoyao being a county for 2104 years.

Gaoyao is situated in the middle of Guangdong Province, along the down stream of Xijiang RiverRiver. Its eastern border meets the Pan Pearl River Delta while its western frontier is adjacent to the west of Guangdong. Its overall location benefits from the convergence of the Pan Pearl River Delta and the Xijiang River Economic Corridor. Its total area amounts to 2,196 square kilometers. Under its jurisdiction there are 19 townships, 324 village committees, and 26 residents committees, with a total population of 730 thousand, out of which overseas Chinese including citizens of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, account for 250 thousand. The Municipal Administration is located on the southern bank of Xijiang River.

Gaoyao has a mild climate with abundant rainfall and rich soil, thus being acclaimed as the Land of Fish and Rice. It is one of Guangdong's most important agricultural bases and also one of the 10 models of modern farming. Forestry products include Cassia bark, Cassia oil, pine resin, sweet-smelling powder and so on. And it is acclaimed as the Land of Cinnamon. Minerals known to exist include gold, Kaolin clay and granite, the HeTai gold mine yielding 1.6 tons of gold yearly. Tourist resources are equally abound. The Guangxin Agricultural Ecological Park is considered a model of its type in the Province as well as a base for environmental education. The Hetai Gold Mine Tourist Line and the Jin Zhong Shan Forest Park are among the latest developed tourist attractions.

The economy of the city is steadily developed. The strategies adopted include building a strong rural economic base, building industrial parks, promoting foreign investment, reforming state-owned enterprises as well as city and town building. In 2002, its GDP stands at 13.05 billion Yuan, an increase of 77.1% over that of 1997, and growing at an average annual rate of 12.1%. Tax revenue is 209 million Yuan, an increase of 89.6% over 1997 and growing at an average annual rate of 13.6%. Workers in the urban and township areas register an increase in average monthly income by 173.3 Yuan while peasants register an increase of average annual income by 833 Yuan over 1997. The share of the private sector in GDP rises from 23.5% in 1997 to 35% in 2002. In the period from 1998 to 2002, external trade rose to 395 million US dollars, with an average annual growth rate of 19.5%. The number of foreign investors stands at 175 with a cumulative investment total of 369 million US dollars. The amount of fixed capital formed is 8.41 billion Yuan in 2002. The relative ratios of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors have changed from 30: 35: 35 in 1997 to 22: 38: 40 in 2002 respectively. It is again ranked among the top hundredth most competitive counties in the nation.

The infrastructure of Gaoyao is upgrading. National Route 321, Route 324, the GuangZhou-Zhaoqing Highway, the SanMao Railway connect the region to other parts of the Province. Road density has reached 63.4 kilometer per square kilometers. The Xijiang River flows within and through its boundary. Its container port handles a freight volume of 200 thousand tons a year, which can be shipped direct to Hong Kong, Macao and overseas. Postal services are well developed and the Gaoyao Information Center is interconnected to both inland and the outside world. Water and electricity supply are abundant, with a 2 billion eastward electricity transmission and transformer sub-station built in the region. Meantime, the 'soft' investment environment has undergone considerable improvement, having granted highly favorable concessions to investors. Investment projects in its industrial parks need to pay tax alone and are exempted from administrative fees. An Investment Services Center is set up to provide active, quality and effective services. 

Social development has scored positive results, with great emphasis being put on scientific and educational development. As a result it has won much recognition in 2002 from the Province's Party Committee and Government. In 2002, the number of secondary school students has increased by 4423 over 1997. To the joy of its residents, electricity price has come down to 0.71 Yuan per kilowatt-hours. Thirty-three public toilets and bus stop platforms are built and public bus routes from the urban center to all townships are now available. In the period 1998-2002, Gaoyao has received numerous awards for its outstanding performances, including "Civilized City of Guangdong Province", "Advanced Scientific City of Guangdong", "Advanced City for Handicapped Workers of Guangdong Province" "Advanced City for Chinese Medicine in the Rural Area" "Advanced City for the Settlement of Three Gorges People" and so on.