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Guangning County


Situated in the northwest of Pan Pearl River Delta, Guangning is a typical mountain area county. Historically, it is known as the Home of the Revolutionarie. It has an area of 2,459 square kilometers with a population of 539 thousand. Under its jurisdiction there are 17 townships and 251 village party committees. It has a paddy field of 210 thousand acres, a forestland of 2.98 million acres, among which bamboo trees constitute 1.04 million acres. Being a mountain area, its forest coverage goes as far as 70%. The county is widely known in China as the Land of Bamboo, the Land of Martial Art, and an Advanced Cultural City. As can be expected, it is abundant in material resources, producing chiefly pine, fir, bamboo, pine resin, Nan drug, fruit, and tealeaves. It has a forestry reserve of 580 million cubic kilometers, with an annual commercial production of 180 thousand cubic kilometers of timber and 300 thousand tons of bamboo. Hydroelectric power reserve is estimated at 261.1 thousand kilowatts, among which 145.8 thousand kilowatts are capable of development and 78 thousand kilowatts have been developed. Minerals available include granite, talcum, porcelain clay, Guangdong green jade, gold, tungsten, tantalum, niobium etc.


In 2005, Guangning's GDP amounts to 3.191 billion Yuan, an increase of 14.5% over 2004. Industrial production amounts to 2.007 billion Yuan, an increase of 32% over 2004, while agricultural production amounts to 0.95 billion Yuan, an increase of 7%. Tax revenue in 2005 stands at 133 million Yuan, representing an increase of 17.2% over 2004. External trade in 2004 amounts to 24.1 million US dollars, an increase of 17% over 2004. Actual foreign investment stands at 31 million US dollars, an increase of 23.9% over 2004. Retail sales are valued at 1.117 billion Yuan, representing an increase of 16.5% over 2004. Fixed capital investment is 1.05 billion Yuan, an increase of 56.4% over 2004.


The reform of state-owned enterprises is making good progress through the adoption of flexible policies and taking into account the idiosyncrasies of individual enterprises. Incentive schemes are designed for private and foreign capital participation. Efforts are meantime given to monitoring, activating and protecting the assets of these enterprises. A social safety net is in the making in order to ensure that the residents reach a minimum standard of living, to extend necessary help to dismissed workers and to provide basic health care to both urban and rural people.


The rural economy is under going a dramatic change, upgrading as a result the standard of living among farmers. Rural productivity is emphasized and the rural economy is moving towards a more rational structure with rapid commercialization. Cash crops are given great impetus, especially bamboo and fine quality fruit such as the sweet Mandarin Orange. In contrast, large areas of cash crops are developed. Other cash crops being introduced are pepper, mulberry leaves, leek, honey corn. Big agricultural enterprises such as Suishen Company, Lide Feng Company are attracted to put in their investments. Meantime, an area of 430 thousand acres of forest is planted and as a result, Guangning is recognized by the Province as an advanced forest planting and green belt in 2003.


The non-collectivist, private sector has meantime made great stride in its development. A unit and a special office responsible for promoting these enterprises are set up by the County and headed by the County's chief. A series of concessions are designed to provide the necessary incentives. In 2004, 104 projects with an investment value above 3 million Yuan are in place, attracting altogether 1.48 billion Yuan.


Infrastructure is under way. Much effort is given to road building, with sandy roads replaced by concrete roads, enabling all villages to be accessible by motorcars. Within the city proper, much planning and construction work are done. Overall, urbanization is advancing at an accelerating pace. Electricity supply is progressing satisfactorily. Environmental protection activities are also proceeding well.