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Deqing County


Deqing is situated in the west of Guangdong. Adjacent to its east border is Gaoyao, to its western border Fengkai County; lying in its south is Xijiang and bordering its north are Guangning County and Huaiji County. The total area is 2,256.75 square kilometers. Under its jurisdiction there are 14 townships and 175 village party committees. By the end of 2002, it has a population of 352 thousand. It is 94 kilometers from ZhaoQing and 79 kilometers from WuZhou County of Guangxi Province.


Deqing is a famous historic and cultural city in the Guangdong Province, rich in natural resources, mineral resources and tourist resources. Its specialties include tuber fleece flower root, Mornda Root, Xijiang Cassia bark, pine resin, fingered citron, and the reputable tribute fruits of Mandarin orange and lychee. Mineral resources so far discovered consist of 31 types, the more important of which are gold, silver, copper, tin, zinc, limestone, granite, tombarthite, porcelain clay, tantalum, niobium, rock crystal, and jade stone. Tourist resources are abound, including the Deqing Confucious Temple, Dragon Mother Ancestral Temple, Sanyuan Tower, Longshan Palace, Huabiao Boulder, Sanzhou Rock, Panlong Gorge, and Jinlin Water Village. The County has a forest coverage of 71%. Annual forest growth is appraised at 410 thousand cubic meters. Total live forest reserve is estimated at 7.63 million cubic meters.


In the period 1998-2002, Deqing has made great strides in its development. In 2002, its GDP is 3.68 billion Yuan, an increase of 67.1% over 1997 with an average annual growth of 10.8%. Local tax revenue is 82 million Yuan, an increase of 12.45% over 2001 and 82.2% over 1997, with an average annual growth of 12.7%. Fixed capital formation stands at 871 million Yuan, an increase of 58.1% over 1997, and with a five-year total of 3.57 billion Yuan. In 2002, the average annual net disposable income of the rural workers amounts to 4120 Yuan while that of the urban employed workers at 8015, an increase of 24.1% and 26.2% over 1997 respectively. Total savings deposit as at 2002 stands at 1.6 billion Yuan, an increase of 29% over 1997. External trade for the past 5 years reached a total of 140 million U. S. dollars. Actual foreign investment amounts to 131 million U. S. dollars. The relative percentage shares of the primary, secondary and tertiary sector have changed from 26.5: 47.8: 25.7 in 1997 to 26: 43: 31 in 2002 respectively.


Commercialization of agriculture takes place at a steady pace. In 2000, total agricultural production is valued at 1.3 billion Yuan, an increase of 42% over 1997 with an average annual growth of 7.3%. Total fruit production is 450 thousand tons, an increase of 28.56% over 1997. A total of 132 display points for agricultural products are set up and four "green corridors" of Mandarin orange, cinnamon, lychee and fingered citron are developed and consolidated, with 12 leading enterprises acting as spearheads of development, one of which having attained the status of national-class enterprise. An overall pattern of specialized production and area segmentation is clearly emerging.


Industrial production has attained remarkable progress. Total industrial production amounts to 6.65 billion Yuan in 2002, an increase of 54.9% over 1997. Income tax paid by county-class enterprises totals 177 million Yuan with a total profit of 76.4 million Yuan. Industrial electricity consumption is 84 million kilowatts, an increase of 72.8% over 1997. Total industrial investment for the past 5 years is 922 million Yuan and industrial park building is proceeding satisfactorily.


Private enterprises attain a rapid growth, the number of private enterprises standing at 182 by the end of 2002. Total tax payment is 59 million Yuan, an increase of 85% over 1997 and accounting for 71% of the county's total tax revenue.


Tourism registers rapid development. A total of 75 million Yuan has been invested over the past 5 years. The Grand Waterfall Series of the PanLong Gorge, a wonder of Asia, has been developed. A new tourist route of the "Dragon Journey" is developed, the Confucius Temple renovated, the South Song-styled Street recovered, the Dragon Mother Ancestral Temple improved, and the JinLin Water Village Sightseeing Region developed. The number of tourists received reaches 157 million, an increase of 178.9% over 1997. Tourist revenue amounts to 310 million Yuan, an increase of 264.77 over 1997.

The County is making considerable progress in technological area. One national-class "high and new tech" enterprise, one national-class product development base, two national-class modern Chinese Medicine GAP base, five provincial-class "high and new tech" enterprises, one provincial-class engineering technology base, four private scientific enterprises are set up. Five scientific projects are listed in the 10th Five Year Plan, one in the International Cooperation Plan, one in the nation's Small and Medium-sized Scientific Innovation Fund and two in the province's Modern Chinese Medicine GAP Program.


Computerization is proceeding at an increasing speed. The 2002 Net Project succeeds in creating an electronic network among the County's different townships and districts. In 2001, an "Electronic Government" project is initiated. TV coverage reaches 100%. Enterprises with an annual sale of 5 million now have their own web sites. Among China's many mountain area counties, Deqing is the first that successfully adopts the video-conferencing system and is thereby recognized as a model county in this regard. A composite computerization index of 43.8% is assigned to the County.


Infrastructural building is making great progress. The basics of postal services, electricity supply, road system and telephone system are in good order. For the past 5 years, capital project spending totals 1.14 billion Yuan. Newly built roads cover a mileage of 118.7 kilometers and road density has reached 46 kilometers per square kilometer. Countryside roads and lanes management has, for 3 consecutive years, won the "DaYu Cup" Prize.


Education is undergoing incessant reform, and has got the approval of the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Civil Affairs and China's Handicapped People Association in the provision of special education. In actively pursuing the "Nanyue Splendour Project", its different townships have set up cultural centers. In 2001, it is appraised as an "Advanced Provincial-class Cultural County"; in 2002, an "Advanced National-class Cultural County". In 2002, the rural health care program extends to 30% of the rural population. In 1999, it is appraised as the nation's "Advanced Unit for Public Care Campaign". In 2001 it is appraised as an "Advanced Nation-class Athletic County".