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Fengkai County


Fengkai County is conveniently situated at the northwest of Guangdong, next to Wuzhou County of Guangxi Province. Traditionally, it is known as the gateway of Guangdong and Guangxi Province, and the strategic location connecting the Pearl River Delta Region and the Grand South West of China. It has an area of 2,723.3 square kilometers, governing 16 townships with a total population of 466 thousand.


Fengkai has a sub-tropical monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 21.9 and an average annual precipitation of 1,626.8 millimeters. The land is fertile with plentiful resources. It has a total farmland of 51 thousand acres, a forestry area of 205 thousand hectares. Its production of pine resin ranks top among all counties in the nation and is christened by the Ministry of Forestry as the Land of Pine Resin. Potential hydroelectric power amounts to 160 thousand kilowatts and is among the nation's first 100 counties to have attained electrification. Mineral resources consist of gold, rock crystal, tin, copper, tungsten, manganese, titanium, iron, granite, marble etc. Industrial products range from cement, medium-density fiberboard, Kraft paper, mineral water to craft wood furniture. Agricultural products come in great varieties, the better well-known among them being 'apricot' chicken, oil chestnut, 'unicorn' plum, cured tobacco, 'Baima' tea and so on.


Fengkai has a long history behind. Historically, it is the earliest passageway connecting Central China to South China, and as such, is a cradle of the South China civilization with many historic sites. Thus it is also a famous tourist spot in the western part of Guangdong.


Since 1998, Fengkai has vigorously and strictly followed the economic development polices laid down by the Central Government. To this end it has undertaken a number of reform measures, expanded its domestic demand, and adopted an externally-oriented policy. This has resulted in great improvement is its economic growth.


Fengkai has been experiencing sustained growth. In 2002, its GDP amounts to 359.8 million Yuan (at 2002 price), an increase of 368% over 1997, with an average annual growth rate of 6.5%. The primary sector has registered an increase of 149 million Yuan, an increase of 6.4% over last year; the secondary sector an increase of 149 million Yuan, an increase of 12.1%; the tertiary sector 119 million Yuan, an increase of 10.2%. In 2002, the relative ratios of the three sectors are 42: 33: 25 respectively. Tax revenue stands at 86.13 million Yuan, an increase of 76.9% over 1997. Total fixed capital formation is 522 million Yuan, an increase of 52.2% over 1997 and an average annual growth of 8.8%. Total retail sales amounts to 136.9 million Yuan, an increase of 61.1% over 1997 and an average annual growth of 10%. Total exports total 11.17 million US dollars, an increase of 15.5% over that of the previous year. Actual foreign investment is at the level of 16.9 million US dollars, an increase of 5.1% over that of the previous year.


Urbanization is actively under way, coupled with an obvious increase in the living standard of the people. The urban area has displayed much change, becoming greener, more beautiful, cleaner and brighter. The main roads are now paved with concrete. The average annual income of the urban population per capita has risen from 5,984 Yuan in 1997 to 7878 Yuan in 2002, registering an increase of 32% while the average annual income of the rural population per capita has risen from 3340 Yuan in 1997 to 3961 Yuan in 2002. In 2002, total savings deposit stands at 4.401 billion Yuan, an increase of 344 million over that of 1997. On all social fronts progress is registered, including different social services, social insurance, environmental protection, housing and so on.


Basic infrastructure, particularly intra-county transportation and communication, is fast improving. Postal services, electricity supply, telephone system and TV are fully available at the level of villages. In the arena of telecommunication, optical fiber and remote monitor are used. All roads connecting the townships and part of the roads within villages are paved with concrete. At present the mileage of roads reaches 1,001.9 kilometers and road density has increased from 31.2 kilometers per 100 square kilometers in 1997 to 36.8 in 2002. Mobile phones and broadband services are available, the number of mobile phone subscribers exceeding 30 thousand, while fixed line subscribers registering an increase of 262% over those of 1997.


Industrialization is accelerating. Total industrial production In 2003 amounts to 4.43 billion Yuan, an increase of 40.4% over 1997. Reform of state-owned enterprises is basically completed and a system has been set up to monitor and operate public sector assets. Industrial promotion efforts have borne fruit, with the Guxu Industrial Park, the Wangjiao Industrial Park and the Changgang Industrial Park having been completed. Several major pillar industries are now in place, namely, forestry product processing, forestry products, construction materials, hydroelectric power, and paper-making. Agricultural production amounts to 2.22 billion Yuan, an increase of 38.1% over 1997, developing towards a more rational structure and a higher level of quality, as well as yielding better known brands. This way, it has become a model county in agricultural production.


The tertiary sector led by the tourist industry is getting more prosperous. In 2002, the number of tourists received stands at 32.8 million with an income of 126 million Yuan, an increase of 42.8% and 26.6% over 1997 respectively.


Apart from tourism, commerce and trade, food and beverage as well as transportation are rapidly developing. In 2002, the number of sole proprietorships is 5892 with a total registered capital of 48.8 million Yuan while the number of private enterprises is 43, with a registered capital of 46 million, 4.7 and 17.5 times those of 1997 respectively.


Education, technology, culture and health care experience rapid development. The provision of 9 years of free education is further consolidated and the "Home for Teachers Program" fruitfully implemented, resulting in a conspicuous improvement in quality. Twenty-eight new scientific projects are implemented, three of which are listed among the nation's "Mini-fire Program", and three among the nation's "Scientific Research Result Dissemination Program". The contribution of scientific and technological progress to economic development has reached 39%, an increase in 19 percentage points over 1997. The hygienic condition of the county is further improved and health care activities have shown encouraging results. As a result, the county has earned the reputation of being an "Advanced Cultural County" from the nation.